Gin /ˈdʒɪn/ is a distilled alcoholic drink that derives its main flavour from juniper berries (Juniperus communis).
Gin began as a medicinal liquor made by monks and alchemists across Europe, especially in southern France, Flanders, and the Netherlands, to deliver aqua vita from distillates of grapes and grains. It then turn into an object of commerce in the spirits industry. Gin emerged in England after introducing the jenever, a Dutch and Belgian liquor, initially a medicine. Although this development took place in the early 17th century, gin became prevalent after the William of Orange-led 1688 Glorious Revolution and following import restrictions on French brandy.
Gin today is produced differently from a wide range of herbal ingredients, giving rise to several distinctive styles and brands. After juniper, gin tends to be enhanced with botanical/herbal, spice, floral, or fruit flavours or often a blend. It is most frequently mixed with tonic water. Gin is also often used as a foundation spirit to produce flavoured gin-based liqueurs such as, for example, sloe gin, traditionally by the addition of fruit, flavourings, and sugar.