Galliano Vanilla Liqueur
Liquore Galliano L’Autentico, recognized more commonly as Galliano (Italian pronunciation: [ɡalˈljaːno]), is a sugary herbal liqueur, invented in 1896 by Italian distiller and brandy creator Arturo Vaccari of Livorno, Tuscany. It is called this after Giuseppe Galliano, an Italian officer of the Royal Italian Army of the First Italo-Ethiopian War.
Galliano has several natural elements: star anise, Mediterranean anise, juniper berry, musk yarrow, lavender, peppermint, cinnamon, and Galliano’s hallmark vanilla flavour. Galliano utilizes vanillin for flavouring, sugar, and glucose syrup for sweeteners. Caramel and tartrazine are used to complete Galliano’s brilliant yellow shade.
Neutral alcohol is imbued with the pressings from the herbs, except for vanilla. The liquid is filtered and then infused with individually pressed vanilla; distilled water, refined sugar, and pure neutral alcohol blend with the base in the last stage. The original mix is formulated at 84.6 proof (42.3% by volume). In comparison, a mixture with a more famous taste of vanilla is produced at 60 proof (30% by volume). There was also a time where 80 proof (40% alcohol by volume) was created.
Galliano is sweet with vanilla-anise flavour and delicate citrus and woodsy herbal undernotes. The vanilla top note distinguishes Galliano from any other anise-flavoured liqueurs such as sambuca, Pernod, or anisette. It is applied together as a digestive (meant for drinking after heavy meals) and as an ingredient for cocktails, particularly the Harvey Wallbanger, Yellow Bird, Golden Cadillac, and Golden Dream.
The Galliano label is presently owned by Dutch distiller Lucas Bols and advertised through its worldwide distribution joint venture, Maxxium. Galliano is packaged in a characteristically fashioned bottle, reminiscent of a classical Roman column. Several more liqueurs are also produced under the Galliano brand name, including a black Sambuca, a white Sambuca, and an amaretto. It is primarily distributed in Australasia, where the products are famous shots. Galliano also makes Galliano Ristretto coffee-flavored liqueur and Galliano Balsamico, a balsamic vinegar-infused liqueur. Both Galliano Autentico and Galliano Vanilla, as used in the Harvey Wallbanger, are available.